All the RJDSEs and DEOs are hereby informed that curricular and examination reforms have been initiated in the State. Vide reference 1 cited, orders have been issued by the Government for the implementation of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) and assessing curricular and co-curricular activities from classes I to VIII in all schools i.e. both government and private recognized. All the textbooks have been developed reflecting the CCE procedures i.e. projects, activities, experiments etc. Vide reference 2 cited, orders have been issued on examination reforms and ban on the use of guides and guide type workbooks in schools and implementation of co-curricular activities as a part of school academic calendar. Vide reference 3 cited, orders have been issued that all the schools under private management shall invariably follow the State curriculum, textbooks and examination procedures without which the school recognition will be cancelled. In this regard, the DEOs are expected to monitor the above academic issues so as to improve the quality of education in schools. Following are certain instructions in the implementation of new curriculum, textbooks and CCE procedures.
Using of guides and guide type study material Vide reference 2 cited, the Government have issued orders on examination reforms focusing on creative self expression by the children. The questions are analytical in nature for which children have to think, reason and apply while answering. The National Curriculum Framework (NCF)-2005 and State Curriculum Framework (SCF)-2011 recommended to do away with rote methods i.e. memorization of answers. Vide reference 2 cited, orders have been issued banning the use of guides in all types of schools. However, the schools and teachers are encouraging to use guides and study materials to memorize the answers. In certain schools it is found that the teachers themselves inviting publishers of the guides to sell in the schools. In some of the schools students informed that their teachers suggested to purchase guides and use in home work.
The use of guides reduces teachers work and most of the time children are engaged in copying answers from guide books. This is against to the educational philosophy and practices. Use of guides reduces the teacher responsibility in teaching the concepts and develop understanding and comprehension. Purchasing the guides/ workbooks/ study material which basically provides answers to the analytical and reasoning/ application type of questions given under every lesson or unit. This not only makes children to keep away from critical thinking, analysis, reasoning but simply make them memorize mechanically without any meaning making. These guides/ workbooks increases the physical load of school bags. Children attempts home work duly copying answers to various type of exercises from the guides without thinking and comprehending the concepts.
Therefore, all the DEOs are hereby instructed to issue instructions in turn to all the school Head Masters i.e. both government and private schools on not use guides and guide type workbooks with readymade answers to the questions given in the exercise part under every unit/ lesson. The children are expected to write answers to the questions given in the exercises under every unit/ lesson on their own without copying from textbooks/ guides. The DEOs and other field officers shall monitor this so as to improve the learning and focus on conceptual understanding during classroom transaction. The Head Masters and concerned monitoring officers will be responsible if guides are being found with the children and use them for copying the exercise part. Serious action will be initiated against such persons and schools.
Reducing the load of school bag The load of school bag is estimated in some of the Districts and it weighs about 10 to 12 Kgs at Primary and 15 to 17 Kgs at High School. This will have severe physical effect on growing children. Their vertebral column may be damage at young age and the bulk load itself cause fear and anxiety among the children.
The load is because the children bring textbooks, guides, home work notebooks, rough work notebooks etc. to the classroom every day. Further, the load is because of carrying other than the textbooks i.e. guides, general knowledge books and other such material imposed by private schools. In some private schools, it is found that for English the school management prescribes English textbook, English grammar book, English spoken language book, English hand writing notebook at Primary and Upper Primary Level. Similarly, such type of additional books for Hindi language textbooks also being used. Therefore, all the DEOs are hereby informed that necessary further instructions may be issued in this regard. The DEOs also requested to focus on this issue.
Implementation of co-curricular activities i.e. Art & Cultural Education, Value Education & Life Skills, Work & Computer Education, Health & Physical Education. Vide reference 1 cited, Government have issued orders for the implementation of co-curricular activities and also assess under CCE. The co-curricular activities are creative and value added subjects supports for the holistic development of the childrenâ€™s personality and supports development of human creative faculties. The SCERT developed class-wise syllabus and Handbooks on co-curricular subjects and provided to schools under RMSA and SSA. These activities are not being taken seriously and the focus is on regular school subjects. Therefore, all the DEOs are requested to focus on this and monitor effective implementation and assessment of co-curricular activities in all schools under the management of both government and private.